As we have detailed in a previous article , the cannabis plant contains lots of different types of beneficial compounds. Full-spectrum CBD therapy involves using oils that contain compounds from across the entire spectrum of cannabinoids, including THC – the hallucinogenic element of the plant.
While CBD products generally don’t contain THC, full-spectrum products have hundreds of naturally occurring compounds from the cannabis plant – including the psychoactive compounds. The idea is that when these compounds are used concurrently (know as the entourage effect), they create a much more powerful treatment that surpasses the efficacy of standard isolated CBD products. Many of the elements in full-spectrum treatments include proteins, fatty acids, fibres and essential vitamins that would otherwise be missing in an isolated CBD product.
In this regard, full-spectrum CBD therapy is regarded as the most effective way to treat medical conditions like muscular pain, depression, migraines, anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, and a whole host of other conditions. It is used to treat one or more conditions concurrently and effectively reduce symptoms caused by one or more conditions (such as jaw pain caused by anxiety resulting from teeth-grinding or sleeplessness caused by joint pain).
Full-spectrum CBD therapy only contains a tiny THC percentage (typically less than 0.3%), meaning it will not create a “high” or psychoactive effect. Most countries with laws governing active THC’s sale still consider full-spectrum CBD therapy as legal. The amount of THC present is not enough to create any tangible mind-altering experiences.
In addition to functioning as a natural pain relief treatment, the hypothesis exists that full-spectrum CBD treatments could also help with the following:
• Smoking cessation: a recent study found that users who switched to full-spectrum CBD inhalers were significantly more successful in reducing or eliminating the use of cigarettes, thereby conquering their nicotine addiction.
• Mental health issues: regular full-spectrum CBD use can help users suffering from anxiety, depression, and addiction.
• Cancer prevention: one study has identified the potential for cannabinoids as an anti-cancer fighting mechanism. Conventional thinking is that the low level of toxicity in full-spectrum CBD oils could help slow cancerous cells’ growth, thereby buying additional time to search for effective treatments.
• Neurological issues: previous studies have demonstrated that patients with severe neurological disorders like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s found relief from their symptoms with full-spectrum cannabis oils, resulting in better patient outcomes at all stages of these diseases.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are compounds in cannabis that are recognizable by their smell. These aromatic oils help to color various varieties of cannabis with distinctive flavors. Therefore, terpenes are useful in differentiating the effects of different strains of the cannabis plant: some might promote focus and mental acuity, while others provide stress-relief and relaxation.
Over 100 different unique terpenes have been identified in cannabis plants, and the climate, soil type, weather, and maturation of the plant will dictate which kind of terpenes it has. Interestingly, the effect of different terpenes can change the efficacy of other compounds. This is known as the entourage effect. Research is currently ongoing to help healthcare professionals better understand each terpene’s effects and how they interact with one another.
Some of the most common cannabis terpenes include the following:
1) What is Myrcene?
Myrcene is a common terpene that is also found in hops used in beer brewing. You will also find it in lemongrass, which has been used as part of traditional natural medicine for centuries. It is the most abundant terpene in commercial cannabis, representing over 20% of the widely grown commercial strains profile.
Contemporary belief is myrcene has sedative and relaxant properties. Myrcene has long been used as a sleep-aid and anti-anxiety medication throughout the world. A study published in 1990 found that myrcene could also help reduce pain by helping the brain and spinal cord produce opioid-like chemicals.
2) What is Beta-caryophyllene?
Beta-caryophyllene, or BCG for short, is a natural anti-inflammatory. It works by activating the endocannabinoid system. It is unlike other terpenes in that it can directly activate CB2 cannabinoid receptors.
3) What is Linalool?
Linalool offers a floral aroma believed to help promote relaxation. It is not specific to cannabis and is found in over 200 plants – including lavender. It is not hugely common in cannabis, although it is abundant in several specially curated species.
4) What is Pinene?
Pinene is the most common terpene in the world, found in basil, rosemary, and pine needles. Pinene can be beneficial as an anti-inflammatory and as a natural anti-anxiety remedy. It also functions as a bronchodilator, which means it helps to open the airways during congestion (such as when fighting off a common cold).
5) What is Humulene?
This earthly, subtle, woody, and spicy terpene has been subject to a lot of modern biomedical research. This research has demonstrated that Humulene could be an effective anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent that could also function as an appetite suppressant. It is similar to myrcene in that it is a fundamental element in the aromatic profile of the cannabis plant, although it usually appears in slightly smaller quantities.
6) What is D-Limonene?
D-Limonene is produced in the resin glands of the flowering cannabis plant. It offers a fruity, citrus-like aroma and is believed to help combat anxiety and stress. It is also found in lemons, oranges, and juniper berries.